A2 – Media in the Online Age
We’ve spent some time discussing the development of the web, from the days of Tim Berners-Lee to the present day and beyond. We’ve outlined what Gauntlet wrote about Web 2.0 and interactivity but we haven’t looked at the differences 2.0 has with Web 3.0. This should help clarify that.
Following from: https://lifeboat.com/ex/web.3.0:
Web 2.0. According to the Wikipedia, “Web 2.0, a phrase coined by O’Reilly Media in 2004, refers to a supposed second generation of Internet-based services — such as social networking sites, wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies — that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users.”
I would also add to this definition another trend that has been a major factor in Web 2.0 — the emergence of the mobile Internet and mobile devices (including camera phones) as a major new platform driving the adoption and growth of the Web, particularly outside of the United States.
Web 3.0. Using the same pattern as the above Wikipedia definition, Web 3.0 could be defined as: “Web 3.0, a phrase coined by John Markoff of the New York Times in 2006, refers to a supposed third generation of Internet-based services that collectively comprise what might be called ‘the intelligent Web’ — such as those using semantic web, microformats, natural language search, data-mining, machine learning, recommendation agents, and artificial intelligence technologies — which emphasize machine-facilitated understanding of information in order to provide a more productive and intuitive user experience.”
The Semantic Web
Web 3.0 is connected to the idea of the ‘Semantic Web’. This term was coined by Tim Berners-Lee to represent:
I have a dream for the Web [in which computers] become capable of analyzing all the data on the Web – the content, links, and transactions between people and computers. A “Semantic Web”, which makes this possible, has yet to emerge, but when it does, the day-to-day mechanisms of trade, bureaucracy and our daily lives will be handled by machines talking to machines. The “intelligent agents” people have touted for ages will finally materialize.
“Semantic Web” is sometimes used as a synonym for “Web 3.0”, though the definition of each term varies.
So, maybe the web is more than just cat gifs. Maybe. Maybe not.